Is the golden period of offshore wind power in China and Britain coming after nuclear power
Abstract: during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's offshore wind power installed capacity was less than 1million kW, which was far from the planned goal of 5million kW. Is China taking a detour in the development of offshore wind power, or is the overall planning biased
"China is developing huge offshore wind power capacity, and the UK has also accumulated rich experience in developing the world's largest offshore wind power project. In the face of continuous innovation in the field of supply chain and strong downward trend in costs, the two sides can complement each other's advantages and strengthen cooperation." On March 17, collina, the energy counsellor of the British Embassy in China, said at the four-day "UK China offshore wind power seminar"
since the opening of Sino British Relations in 2015, "do you know the technical points and utilization of the Yellow relaxation experimental machine? Now let's give you a detailed introduction to these two issues, the golden age". The cooperation between China and the UK in nuclear power, oil and gas, renewable energy and other fields has been quite effective. The British Trade and investment agency led a group of British offshore wind enterprises to China for exchanges, which was impressive in scale
it is reported that the visiting British delegation is composed of 11 leading enterprises engaged in offshore wind power business, covering the whole offshore wind power industry chain, including engineering design, installation, operation and maintenance
in the view of the industry, one of the key factors for how high and how far offshore wind power can "fly" is whether it can overcome the cost barrier
with technological innovation and the decline of offshore wind power costs, offshore wind power is no longer unprofitable. It is understood that from a global perspective, the current benchmark kwh cost of offshore wind power is $176 per MWh. A number of leading countries in offshore wind power technology, led by the UK, are committed to achieving the goal of reducing the levelized energy cost of offshore wind power to 100 euros (about US $115) per megawatt hour Collina said
"the British government has subsidized the offshore wind power industry for 15 years. As the whole industry continues to move forward, the subsidy system is also evolving." Mike hay, an offshore wind power expert from the UK Department of international trade in China, "Once the contract for difference system was launched in 2015, the positive impact was still great, which helped us reduce the power generation cost by 25%. With the upcoming launch of a new round of quota allocation of competitive price difference in April this year, we believe that the second round of process will further consolidate such success, help us further promote the generation of the so-called price discovery mechanism, and let us really find out where the real cost level of developers is."
"houlder has 30 years of experience in the field of offshore wind power, including lifting equipment and logistics processing equipment. Especially in the field of back-end maintenance, he has a lot of valuable experience in how to carry out good work docking between operating vessels and drilling platforms. These can provide low-cost solutions for Chinese partners." Pieter korterenk, an enterprise representative from Boulder, said
data show that during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's offshore wind power installed capacity was less than 1million kW, far from the planned goal of 5million kW. Is China taking a detour in the development of offshore wind power, or is the overall planning biased
"In fact, I think there may be a so-called bottleneck. That is to say, the existence of a bottleneck at one point can affect the development of projects in several fields. For example, this bottleneck may be the lack of construction vessels, resulting in the lack of shipbuilding capacity. Therefore, when constrained by a bottleneck, it is impossible to achieve several projects at the same time. Therefore, the government can play a role to stimulate the confidence of more industries To help people know more about the demand in the supply chain. " Andy Thompson, an enterprise representative from Atkins, analyzed this
"Industries have a so-called cycle curve, including the initial stage of development, the growth stage and the later stage of maturity. At present, the offshore wind power industry is in different stages in different countries around the world. From my observation, what is happening in China now is very similar to the initial stage of the rise of the UK, with a very rapid start at the beginning, but also encountered some problems. We hope to help China not to repeat it Originally, there have been some problems in Britain. " Andy Thompson added
Keith McDermott, an enterprise representative of ecosse subsea who has just visited dozens of enterprises in three places in China, is also deeply touched by this. "For us, developing offshore wind power is indeed a very difficult learning curve. For example, at the beginning, we have to start from scratch, how to grout and how to install. Ten years ago, an installation might take a week, because it requires a lot of human and material resources. But now we know how to install more vertically and stably with less human and material resources."
"urgent need for two-way cooperation"
"A big reason behind the UK government's support for the offshore wind power industry is that the development of such an industry can drive the rapid progress of the whole big industry. We are glad to welcome Chinese enterprises to participate in the development of offshore wind power in the UK and the operation of our supply chain to supplement the existing wind power capacity in the UK, so that our industry can develop better." Collina said
in fact, as a global leader in offshore wind power, the UK is not only internationally recognized as the most ideal place for offshore wind energy investment, but also has created a highly competitive and innovative supply chain
"Only through two-way interaction and cooperation can we truly achieve success, rather than being a single one. At present, the technology of China and the UK is in a different stage of development, and we can learn from each other. For example, our star Jinan experimental machine manufacturer has learned from its Chinese counterparts how to prepare and carry out a project, how to set up the capital structure, and how to better interact with the industry during the surface roughness period of impact broaching machine parts." Move and support. " Keith McDermott said. "The UK has taught tuition fees in the field of offshore wind power for 10-15 years, and is very eager to exchange needs with Chinese enterprises to help the Chinese government adopt a touch map control operation interface to achieve the goals of the 13th Five Year Plan period."
Andrew Baker, an enterprise representative from ode, agreed, "early next week, we will have further contact with Chinese enterprises to decide whether to invest in the Chinese market. In fact, the UK offshore wind power industry really hopes to establish a partnership with Chinese enterprises. We think the best way to work is to learn while doing."
"in the area of operation and maintenance professional equipment, we hope to find Chinese capital enterprises and share some knowledge, information and technology with them in terms of design and engineering capabilities, so that Chinese enterprises can build their own equipment without importing British equipment from Britain. I think this form of cooperation is beneficial to both of us." Pieter korterenk said